Paul-Émile Borduas "Bercement Silencieux" ('Rocking Silent'), 1956
Paul-Émile Borduas (November 1, 1905 –1960) was a Québec painter known for his abstract paintings. He was the leader of the avant-garde Automatiste movement and the chief author of the Refus Global or Total Refusal manifesto, an anti-establishment and anti-religious writing released in 1948. Borduas had a profound impact on the development of Canadian art and thought.
"Taches brune" (Brown Stains), 1955
"Ardente" (Fiery), 1957, oil
No title, 1955, oil
The Automatistes of 1940's Quebec favoured a fluid, painterly technique over the comparatively reserved, hard-edge abstraction so popular in the U.S. and Eastern Europe at the time. Much like a nonfigurative Group of Seven, they were looking to create a distinctively Canadian artistic identity. Heavily influenced by Surrealist manifestos and poetry, their work was largely stream-of-consciousness inspired, believing this to be a truer means of communicating subconscious emotions; they wanted to be liberated from intention, reason, and any kind of structure.
Borduas - Persistance des noirs, 1955, oil
In art, automatism usually refers to the accessing of material from the subconscious or unconscious mind as part of the creative process
Riopelle - Untitled, 1948, watercolor and ink on paper ,
Jean-Paul Riopelle (7 October 1923 – 2002) was a painter and sculptor from Quebec, Canada.
He became the first Canadian painter (since James Wilson Morrice) to attain international recognition.
Jean-Paul Riopelle - The Harvest , 1949 oil on canvas,
Jean-Paul Riopelle - Promenade , 1949 oil on canvas,
Marcel Barbeau - "le tumulte à la mâchoire crispée" (the tumult in his jaw set) 1946
Barbeau - Untitled1957
Manna sand (1947 ) - Pierre Gauvreau
Cubarde (1947) - Pierre Gauvreau
Gouache on cardboard
Fernand Leduc, "Their Shadows", 1945
Fernand Leduc - The Last Campaign of Napoleon, 1946, oil on coardboard