Friday, February 26, 2016

Canadian Painters Series: Les Automatistes

Paul-Émile Borduas "Bercement Silencieux" ('Rocking Silent'), 1956 

Paul-Émile Borduas (November 1, 1905 –1960) was a Québec painter known for his abstract paintings. He was the leader of the avant-garde Automatiste movement and the chief author of the Refus Global or Total Refusal manifesto, an anti-establishment and anti-religious writing released in 1948.  Borduas had a profound impact on the development of Canadian art and thought.

"Taches brune" (Brown Stains), 1955

"Ardente" (Fiery), 1957, oil

No title, 1955, oil

The Automatistes of 1940's Quebec favoured a fluid, painterly technique over the comparatively reserved, hard-edge abstraction so popular in the U.S. and Eastern Europe at the time. Much like a nonfigurative Group of Seven, they were looking to create a distinctively Canadian artistic identity. Heavily influenced by Surrealist manifestos and poetry, their work was largely stream-of-consciousness inspired, believing this to be a truer means of communicating subconscious emotions; they wanted to be liberated from intention, reason, and any kind of structure.

Borduas - Persistance des noirs, 1955, oil
In art, automatism usually refers to the accessing of material from the subconscious or unconscious mind as part of the creative process

Riopelle - Untitled, 1948, watercolor and ink on paper ,
Jean-Paul Riopelle (7 October 1923 – 2002) was a painter and sculptor from Quebec, Canada. 
He became the first Canadian painter (since James Wilson Morrice) to attain international recognition.

Jean-Paul Riopelle - The Harvest , 1949 oil on canvas,

Jean-Paul Riopelle - Promenade , 1949 oil on canvas,

Marcel Barbeau -  "le tumulte à la mâchoire crispée" (the tumult in his jaw set) 1946

Barbeau - Untitled1957

Manna sand (1947 ) - Pierre Gauvreau

Cubarde (1947) - Pierre Gauvreau

Gothenburg 1954
Gouache on cardboard

Fernand Leduc, "Their Shadows", 1945

Fernand Leduc - The Last Campaign of Napoleon, 1946, oil on coardboard