Tuesday, June 12, 2012

The living past: Mobile, Alabama historic buildings

258 State Street

Mobile is a city that has been claimed by six flags during its history, and the influence of its French, Spanish, and English past can be found in the variety of Mobile's historic neighborhoods. The De Tonti Square Historic District is a nine-block historic district in Mobile, roughly bounded by Adams, St. Anthony, Claiborne, and Conception Streets. Consisting mainly of townhouses built between 1840 and 1860, it includes examples of Federal, Greek Revival, and Italianate architectural styles.
Characteristics of a Federal style house: - a simple square or rectangular box - two to three storeys high and two rooms deep - some with projecting wings - understated exterior decoration employing geometrical concepts such as oval, circular and fan-shaped motifs formed by fluted radiating lines 250 St. Anthony Street Materials: - typically made of clapboard, sometimes brick in areas prone to fire Windows: - arranged individually in strict horizontal and vertical symmetry - Typically five front windows, sometimes three - Windows are divided the into small lights (panes), often six over six 157-59 N. Conception Street circa 1852
270 N. Claiborne Street, Mobile, AL 251 St Anthony Street 268 Congress Street 203 Anthony Street 317 Congress Street Door: - the front door of a Federal home is usually the most decorated part of the home’s exterior - Federal style designers often enhance the drama of the front entrance with iron balconies and decorative moldings - a semicircular or elliptical fan light above the door with or without flanking sidelights is a favorite device used in Federal architecture Lower Dauphin Street Historic District